Bootstrapping module in Microsoft Homomorphic Encryption Library SEAL

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Bootstrapping module in Microsoft Homomorphic Encryption Library SEAL

How to solve Bootstrapping module in Microsoft Homomorphic Encryption Library SEAL

Currently SEAL does not support bootstrapping, although for the CKKS scheme the dev team has it on the roadmap. For now, you have a few choices:
Use the CKKS scheme but with large enough parameters so you don’t need to bootstrap. Of course, this will restrict the number of iterations a lot, so you may need some re-encryption protocol anyway where the model is re-encrypted by the secret key owner.
Implement CKKS bootstrapping yourself; this is not necessarily easy but definitely not unreasonable. If you are considering using BFV and implementing BFV-bootstrapping, I would maybe recommend against that: BFV-bootstrapping is tricky to parameterize and is unlikely to be fast enough to make sense.
The HEAAN library had earlier an implementation of CKKS bootstrapping, but it seems like that branch is no longer available. Maybe if you ask the authors they might share it with you.

Bootstrapping module in Microsoft Homomorphic Encryption Library SEAL

Currently SEAL does not support bootstrapping, although for the CKKS scheme the dev team has it on the roadmap. For now, you have a few choices:
Use the CKKS scheme but with large enough parameters so you don’t need to bootstrap. Of course, this will restrict the number of iterations a lot, so you may need some re-encryption protocol anyway where the model is re-encrypted by the secret key owner.
Implement CKKS bootstrapping yourself; this is not necessarily easy but definitely not unreasonable. If you are considering using BFV and implementing BFV-bootstrapping, I would maybe recommend against that: BFV-bootstrapping is tricky to parameterize and is unlikely to be fast enough to make sense.
The HEAAN library had earlier an implementation of CKKS bootstrapping, but it seems like that branch is no longer available. Maybe if you ask the authors they might share it with you.

Solution 1

Currently SEAL does not support bootstrapping, although for the CKKS scheme the dev team has it on the roadmap. For now, you have a few choices:

  1. Use the CKKS scheme but with large enough parameters so you don’t need to bootstrap. Of course, this will restrict the number of iterations a lot, so you may need some re-encryption protocol anyway where the model is re-encrypted by the secret key owner.
  2. Implement CKKS bootstrapping yourself; this is not necessarily easy but definitely not unreasonable. If you are considering using BFV and implementing BFV-bootstrapping, I would maybe recommend against that: BFV-bootstrapping is tricky to parameterize and is unlikely to be fast enough to make sense.
  3. The HEAAN library had earlier an implementation of CKKS bootstrapping, but it seems like that branch is no longer available. Maybe if you ask the authors they might share it with you.

Original Author Kim Laine Of This Content

Conclusion

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