Lombok’s access to jdk.compiler’s internal packages incompatible with Java-16

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Lombok’s access to jdk.compiler’s internal packages incompatible with Java-16

  1. Lombok's access to jdk.compiler's internal packages incompatible with Java-16

    Upgrading lombok version to 1.18.20 fixed it for me. So, if you can upgrade lombok, I'd recommend doing so.
    <dependency> <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId> <artifactId>lombok</artifactId> <version>1.18.20</version> </dependency>

  2. Lombok's access to jdk.compiler's internal packages incompatible with Java-16

    Upgrading lombok version to 1.18.20 fixed it for me. So, if you can upgrade lombok, I'd recommend doing so.
    <dependency> <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId> <artifactId>lombok</artifactId> <version>1.18.20</version> </dependency>

Solution 1

Update:

Lombok v1.18.20 supports JDK 16 out of the box.

In the same thread, one of the maintainers also writes:

We have some less well known loopholes we can use to bridge a few gaps. We’ll start work on gradle and maven plugins in the mean time, which will be a long-term fix.


Original:

The exception you are seeing with the latest JDK-16 build is because of JEP 396: Strongly Encapsulate JDK Internals by Default. Lombok is accessing an internal JDK API with reflection, and where in previous Java versions this would result in a warning message, it now results in a hard error.

In general, it is possible to explicitly open internal JDK packages for reflection when running java by passing --add-opens=<module>/<package>=<accessing module> directives as VM arguments when running java. In this case these directives would need to be passed to the java process that runs when invoking javac. This can be done by prefixing the option passed to javac with -J, which will instead pass it to the underlying JVM.

Using Maven, I was able to make it work with the following compiler plugin config:

<plugin>
    <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
    <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
    <version>3.8.1</version>
    <configuration>
        <source>16</source>
        <target>16</target>
        <!--                    <release>16</release>-->
        <fork>true</fork>
        <compilerArgs>
            <arg>--enable-preview</arg>
            <arg>-Xlint:all</arg>
            <arg>-J--add-opens=jdk.compiler/com.sun.tools.javac.code=ALL-UNNAMED</arg>
            <arg>-J--add-opens=jdk.compiler/com.sun.tools.javac.comp=ALL-UNNAMED</arg>
            <arg>-J--add-opens=jdk.compiler/com.sun.tools.javac.file=ALL-UNNAMED</arg>
            <arg>-J--add-opens=jdk.compiler/com.sun.tools.javac.main=ALL-UNNAMED</arg>
            <arg>-J--add-opens=jdk.compiler/com.sun.tools.javac.model=ALL-UNNAMED</arg>
            <arg>-J--add-opens=jdk.compiler/com.sun.tools.javac.parser=ALL-UNNAMED</arg>
            <arg>-J--add-opens=jdk.compiler/com.sun.tools.javac.processing=ALL-UNNAMED</arg>
            <arg>-J--add-opens=jdk.compiler/com.sun.tools.javac.tree=ALL-UNNAMED</arg>
            <arg>-J--add-opens=jdk.compiler/com.sun.tools.javac.util=ALL-UNNAMED</arg>
            <arg>-J--add-opens=jdk.compiler/com.sun.tools.javac.jvm=ALL-UNNAMED</arg>
        </compilerArgs>
        <!--for unmappable characters in classes-->
        <encoding>UTF-8</encoding>
        <showDeprecation>true</showDeprecation>
        <showWarnings>true</showWarnings>
        <!--for lombok annotations to resolve-->
        <!--contradictory to maven, intelliJ fails with this-->
        <annotationProcessorPaths>
            <path>
                <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
                <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
                <version>1.18.16</version>
            </path>
        </annotationProcessorPaths>
    </configuration>
</plugin>

Where the needed options are passed using <compilerArgs> elements in the configuration.

Note that I added -J in front of the options in order to pass them to the JVM running javac, instead of javac options.

On top of the --add-opens directives listed in the question, an additional:

-J--add-opens=jdk.compiler/com.sun.tools.javac.jvm=ALL-UNNAMED

was also needed.

<fork>true</fork> was also needed since otherwise the -J options were being ignored (judging from the output of mvn clean install -X). Looking at the Maven docs, setting fork to true seems to be needed any time when using <compilerArgs>:

https://maven.apache.org/plugins/maven-compiler-plugin/compile-mojo.html#compilerArgs

<compilerArgs> Sets the arguments to be passed to the compiler if fork is set to true.

Original Author Of This Content

Solution 2

Upgrading lombok version to 1.18.20 fixed it for me. So, if you can upgrade lombok, I’d recommend doing so.

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
    <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
    <version>1.18.20</version>
</dependency>

Original Author Of This Content

Solution 3

To help Gradle users that perhaps get in this topic.

For those using Gradle, to configure Lombok properly, use compileOnly and annotationProcessor in the build.gradle file.

// Lombok
compileOnly 'org.projectlombok:lombok:1.18.20'
annotationProcessor 'org.projectlombok:lombok:1.18.20'

The same for test dependencies if you are using Lombok there too:

testCompileOnly 'org.projectlombok:lombok:1.18.20'
testAnnotationProcessor 'org.projectlombok:lombok:1.18.20'

Also, if you would like to explicitly generate your bytecodes targeting JDK 16, use:

sourceCompatibility = '16'
targetCompatibility = '16'

Source:
Set up Lombok and Gradle
Gradle sourceCompatibility and targetCompatibility

Original Author Of This Content

Solution 4

For those of you using Java 11 or any different one from the newest versions, keep in mind that IntelliJ can use its own Maven version hooked to JDK 16/17, thereby causing the error above when doing mvn clean install from the IntelliJ terminal.

To check the actual JDK used, type mvn --version in the terminal, and you might get a surprise like I did (I did not even know I had JDK 17):

Maven home: /usr/local/Cellar/maven/3.8.4/libexec
Java version: 17.0.1, vendor: Homebrew, runtime: /usr/local/Cellar/openjdk/17.0.1_1/libexec/openjdk.jdk/Contents/Home
Default locale: en_BG, platform encoding: UTF-8
OS name: "mac os x", version: "11.3.1", arch: "x86_64", family: "mac"

At the same time, I get Java 11 when checking java --version.

The solution here was to execute mvn clean install via the Maven Goal button in the Maven tab to the right:

enter image description here

It correctly used the JDK 11, which can also be verified via mvn --version.

Original Author Of This Content

Conclusion

So This is all About This Tutorial. Hope This Tutorial Helped You. Thank You.

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Siddharth

I am an Information Technology Engineer. I have Completed my MCA And I have 4 Year Plus Experience, I am a web developer with knowledge of multiple back-end platforms Like PHP, Node.js, Python and frontend JavaScript frameworks Like Angular, React, and Vue.

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